Nuremberg – the city of the Nazi Party Rallies, the city of the race laws, the city in which trials against those responsible for the crimes of the Nazi regime took place. How does Nuremberg address this past? How does the city encourage guests to learn about this part of its history? How does one present the traces of this history in a responsible way, without creating sensationalist headlines?
Working under the guiding principle “An Obligation to the Past”, the city of Nuremberg has taken up this task for many decades and has answered its past and future by proclaiming itself the "City of Peace and Human Rights".
Learning lessons from megalomania
The National Socialists discovered Nuremberg early and claimed the city for their national Nazi Party Rallies in 1933. The city which was so important in the first German empire (from 800 to 1806) was intended to become a symbol of eternal glory for the Third Reich.
Monstrous plans were drawn up for the Nazi Party Rally Grounds; World War II put an end to this architectural megalomania. The Documentation Centre Former Nazi Party Rally Grounds in the Congress Hall shows the effects of the regime on the city of Nuremberg and its citizens. In the Nuremberg Palace of Justice, site of the Nuremberg Trials, the Memorium Nuremberg Trials museum keeps the events which took place in Courtroom 600 alive.